Rwanda Military Hospital

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MCIF 4/2015
The 1994 genocide against Tutsi resulted in human and material loss, social problems and psychological trauma. In partnership with FARG, the Rwanda Defense Force, through Rwanda Military Hospital, launched a special operation to treat genocide survivors in need of specialized medical care in the whole country.

History

Rwanda Military Hospital (RMH) was built in 1968 as a Military Referral Hospital. After the 1994 genocide against Tutsi when doors were opened to the general population. This government policy was made in order to enhance positive civil-military relations and foster confidence and post conflict peace building initiatives. Currently RMH treats 80% civilian and 20% military patients.

The Vision for RMH is to“Be the Best in Tertiary Health care Provision.” This is in line with Rwanda Defense Force’s philosophy of “being the best in what it does”. The mission is “To Provide Quality Tertiary Health Care with Security to the General Population and Security Personnel”

Offering Specialized Services

Ruanda-1The 1994 Genocide left the Rwandan health system paralyzed in terms of human capacity, many health workers were dead and others in exile. The Rwanda Defense Forces took the lead in investing in Human resource capacity building to raise medical doctors, nurses and other healthcare providers the country badly needed. Today Rwanda Military Hospital has the top number of specialists in the country and raising capacity still continues where many doctors are being trained in different parts of the world.

With the same regard Rwanda Military Hospital offers a varied range of specialized services.

Emergency Services

A medical treatment facility specialized in acute care of patients who present themselves at the hospital without prior appointment. Our Accident and Emergency operates 24h every day and offers: trauma /surgical and medical emergencies, and has a dedicated 24h trauma /surgical operating theatre service.

Intensive Care Unit

Intensive care Unit (ICU) is a special department of healthcare facility that provides intensive care medicine. Our ICU is staffed by highly specialized doctors and nurses in caring for seriously ill patients.

Our ICU offers: Ventilatory support, cardiovascular monitoring and support, renal replacement therapy and plasma exchanges therapy.

Pediatrics

Department of Pediatrics and Child Health, one of the main departments of Rwanda Military Hospital provides curative and preventive medicine and promotes health services for patients in the age group of 0 to 15. This department also carries out education and training of different categories of students as well as research.

General Surgery

General surgery focuses on the abdominal organs, including the intestines, esophagus, stomach, small bowel, colon, liver, pancreas, gallbladder and bile ducts. Rwanda Military Hospital is pleased to offer surgical interventions to treat conditions of the gastrointestinal tract and abdomen. Our medical team is committed to addressing our patients’ medical needs and improving their quality of life. This department offers both outpatient and inpatient services alongside training and research. General surgeons treat many conditions, such as: inflammation of veins in the rectum and anus (hemorrhoids), protrusion of the rectal walls (prolapsed), colorectal cancer, hernias, disorders of the skin and breast, acute abdomen (peritonitis), appendicitis, major abdominal trauma.

Orthopedics

The branch of surgery concerned with conditions involving the musculoskeletal system. The department of orthopedic surgery offers: Consultations, surgery, education & training and research.

Ophthalmology

This department deals with eye diseases. This department offers: Refraction, visual acuity testing (eye check up), cataract surgeries, glaucoma management, allergy management, oculoplasty, uveitis management, keratoplasty, low vision management, ocular pathology, ocular oncology, diabetic retinopathy, hypertensive retinopathy.

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Psychiatry and Clinical Psychology

A branch of psychology concerned with the assessment and treatment of mental illness and abnormal behavior. This department offers: Psycho-social support to soldiers in and out of the country and in peacekeeping missions, outreach services where they go on the field and offer psychological support, special support during periods of genocide commemoration. The department also receives out patients and help in patients who need psychological treatment.

ENT (Ear, Nose and Throat) and Audiology

Branch of medicine dealing with Ear, Nose and Throat diseases; our medical team is committed to addressing our patients’ medical needs and improving their quality of life. This department offers: General ENT, neck surgery, audiology services (earring related), otolaryngologists specialize in the treatment of ENT conditions. Common conditions treated in this department include: sinusitis, nasal fractures, chronic ear infections, snoring and sleep apnea, dizziness and balance disorder.

This department also has a dedicated audiology center helping patients with hearing disabilities and offering them hearing aids to improve their hearing.

Rehabilitation Services

This department primary concern is the remediation of impairment and disabilities and the promotion of mobility and functional ability. It provides everyday care to public and private patients (in- and outpatients) and the following services are currently provided to our patients: Consultations, therapeutic massage, electrotherapy, chest physiotherapy, pediatric physiotherapy and rehabilitation, Dry needling or acupuncture technique, pre- and postnatal care, medical taping.

Other rehabilitation services offered at Rwanda Military Hospital include occupational therapy and speech and language therapy.

Radiology

The imaging center at Rwanda Military Hospital is a state-of-the-art diagnostic unit and allows the hospital to offer a full range of radio-diagnostic services to Rwandan patients.

Our imaging center is well equipped with wide range radiology equipment, which includes comprehensive ultrasound, digitalized conventional radiography and fluoroscopy. It is well staffed with highly specialized and experienced radiologists and radiographers who are able to handle all types of cases.

The hospital specializes in, fluoroscopy, general conventional radiography, ultrasounds and mammography.

Dental

Ruanda-6One of RMH clinical services dealing with oral health and dental care, offering the following services: Obuturation, extraction, scalling, preventive treatment, cleaning and polishing and dental surgery.

Dermatology

At RMH this is a Branch of medicine dealing with the skin and its diseases. Our dermatology department offers: General dermatology, venereology and dermato-surgery.

Gynecology/Obstetrics

Ruanda-7This department deals with the health of the female reproductive system – uterus, vagina and ovaries.

With the vision of providing high-quality obstetrics and gynecological and midwifery care, the Obstetrics & Gynecology Department at Rwanda Military Hospital currently offers the following services: Antenatal care, maternity care, oncology services, fertility services, gynecology endoscopy, family planning and counseling services.

Internal Medicine

At Rwanda Military Hospital internal medicine refers to specialties of medicine that include prevention, diagnosis, and care of adults with general illness, disease and injury.

The Internal Medicine Department encompasses the following specialties and services: Hypertension, diabetes and endocrinology, pulmonology (lung diseases), nephrology (kidney diseases), hepatitis clinic, gastroenterology. Apart from those the department deals with day to day internal medicine issues such as malaria, severe headaches, etc.

Modern Laboratory

RMH is equipped with a modern laboratory accredited 4 star in quality services. This modern laboratory allows Rwanda Military Hospital to perform testing for diagnosis and provide treatment information of diseases to caregivers and patients that facilitates the diagnostic process.

We offer 24/7 laboratory services with high advanced equipment to ensure that the following services are provided: Microbiology, chemistry, hematology, histopathology, immuno-serology, and hormonology.

Post Conflict Building

The Rwanda Defense Force has played a fundamental role in post conflict peace building in Rwanda. One of the strong tools for post conflict peace building mechanisms is the ‘ARMY WEEK”. The Ministry of Defense, through Rwanda Military Hospital, conducts periodic “Army Week” outreach programs to render badly needed specialized medical services to the population, especially the poor, remote and vulnerable members of the community. It involves the use of military specialist doctors going into the field in rural areas where there is scarcity of medical facilities and provides free medical services to the poor people who can’t afford to access specialists doctors found in the big cities. Patients get to meet consultant specialists for free and those that need more investigations or surgeries are transferred to Rwanda Military Hospital to access all the services needed.

Army week plays an important role in post conflict resolution as it strengthens CIMIC (Civil and Military Cooperation) relationships, improves Health status of the population aiming at population welfare improvement and country’s development. For more details, a documentary on “Army Week” can be accessed on: www.rwandamilitaryhospital.rw.

Providing Medical Carein Peace Keeping Missions

Rwanda Military Hospital deploys doctors, nurses, and paramedics in peacekeeping mission areas wherever Rwanda Defense Forces are deployed. Recently the hospital established a Level 2 plus Hospital in Central African Republic and is ready to establish two more Level2 hospitals in other peacekeeping areas to contribute to health care provision in these areas.

Improving Medicine by Use of Scientific Researches

Rwanda Military Hospital actively participates in scientific researches aimed at improving patient’s outcomes and adding to the global knowledge base. One of the innovative clinical researches is the introduction of a new circumcision technique named “Prepex”. The technique is bloodless, no anesthesia is needed, no stitches and no sterile settings. The technique was developed by Rwanda Military Hospital in collaboration with an Israeli company called CircMedTech as one of the best way in preventing HIV/AIDS.

Other types of research are also being conducted to improve the treatment and prevention of different diseases in Rwanda and in the region.

Support for Genocide Survivors

The 1994 genocide against Tutsi resulted in human and material loss, social problems and psychological trauma. Wounds left by the genocide were too deep. The liberation war alone could not achieve the country’s social and economic stability, despite the government’s efforts and commitment to ensure unity and reconciliation. The government put in place a special facility that would address the needs of genocide survivors – the Fund for Genocide Survivors (FARG). It is in that regard that, in partnership with FARG, the Rwanda Defense Force, through Rwanda Military Hospital, launched a special operation to treat genocide survivors in need of specialized medical care in the whole country.

With the aim of reaching each genocide survivor who needs medical care in the whole country this operation covered all the districts of Rwanda, and around 40,000 genocide survivors have benefited free medical services from this activity.

Transfering Knowledge Through Medical Teaching

Rwanda Military Hospital as a referral teaching hospital plays a major role in the education of young Rwandan doctors. RMH receives a high number of interns and postgraduates as well as nurses for teaching every year. RMH having the highest number of specialists in the country contributes in educating young doctors in the hospital premises as well as at the faculty of medicine.